Abu Simbel, Egypt
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What is Abu Simbel
Abu Simbel in Upper Egypt was saved from the rising waters of Lake Nasser, growing behind the Aswan Dam, in a massive archaeological rescue plan sponsored by UNESCO in the 1960s. The complex of temples dedicated to the Pharaoh Ramesses II "the Great" remain an evocative and unforgettable destination.
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About Abu Simbel elsewhere
"New dangers threatened the Abu Simbel temples when work began on the construction of the Aswan High Dam (Sadd el-Ali) on January 9, 1960, since the site of these unique monuments would be swallowed up by the rising waters of Lake Nasser, the huge reservoir to be created by the new dam."
"The view from this place is incredible, in the middle of the desert, and at the shores of Lake Nasser, which was created with the damming of the Nile River to create the Aswan Dam."
"The temples at Abu Simbel were formerly located further down the hillside, facing the Nile in the same relative positions, but due to the rising waters of Lake Nasser, the original locations are underwater."
"The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile river in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt."
"The relocation of the temples was necessary to avoid their being submerged during the creation of Lake Nasser ,the massive artificial water reservoir formed after the building of the Aswan dam on the Nile River."
"The temples, which were rediscovered by the Swiss explorer Burckhardt in 1813, withstood the passage of time until the construction of the Nasser Dam in 1970, which caused the waters of Lake Nasser to rise significantly."
"As the water level of Lake Nasser rose in the mid-'60s, Egypt realized that flooding would claim a large piece of the country's heritage if quick action was not taken."
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